ORAL RETELLING STRATEGIES to improve comprehension
WHAT IS RETELLING?
RETELLING is the oral reconstruction of the key elements of a text. With fiction texts, elements are retold in order, with nonfiction texts, students retell in terms of structure and categories.
USING PROPS IN RETELLING: Reconstructing stories by using props help students build their memory skills.After teacher demonstration, props can be used for:
Practical Retellings - Peer discussion - Role-playing.
PROP RETELLING: Students begin to visualize the proper chronology, the link to a variety of ideas and situations and the emotional conditions of the story.
RETELLING is similar to giving dictation and to pre-writing exercise.
With a completed retelling, a student can more easily begin to plan a summary.
USING PROPS WITH FICTION TEXTS aids in retelling the story and helps listeners to remember better what was told. Teachers should model for students how to use retelling props.
Put props in a box and label it.
FINGER RETELLING FOR STORY ELEMENTS
AIM: Identify the 5 Key elements that make up a story:
4) ATTEMPTS TO SOLVE THE CONFLICT
# Each finger is assigned one of the 5 Key Story elements.
# As students retell an element, they hold up one of their fingers: as a prompt, as a way to register that a particular element has been covered.
Use of fingers for Retelling:
THUMBS : for the setting.
INDEX FINGER: for main characters.
MIDDLE FINGER: for the conflict.
RING FINGER: for attempts to resolve the conflict.
PINKIE FINGER: for the conclusion.
- Students use a “Retelling Rope" to retell the 5 story elements : use a thick piece of rope with icons
signifying the 5 elements of the story.
- Students choose images: one for each element of the story in general (it doesn’t belong to any particular story).
Example: a clock for the setting - a key for the solution. Staple the images along the length of the rope, at even intervals (you can also use safety pins).
1) SETTING: Time & Place
4) Attempts to resolution
- Similar to a Flannel Board: students manipulate the various characters and key items in the story.
- They appear and disappear on the surface of the apron.
MOVING THROUGH A MURAL
- Ideal to process information visually.
- Students create: a mural (create a scenery- background and illustrate the major settings) and
craft-stick puppets that move through the mural as students retell the major events of the story.
- Students create vests with brown paper bags and illustrate story elements with markers, paint and
other craft materials.
- Students arrange the 5 elements into 3 sections :
on the left panel: illustration of settings and characters,
on the back panel: illustrate the conflict and the attempts at resolving it and
on the right panel: illustrate the story resolution.
- They put on the vests and perform the retelling in small groups.
- Illustrative Triaramas are three dimensional, three sided triangular displays.
- The details students include in their illustrations, let teachers know how much of the text they have
1st side: Setting & characters.
2nd side: Conflict and attempts to solve it
3rd side: Conclusion.
- Students make “Storyboards” : they illustrate each major event in the story on a long, thin strip of paper that is threaded through a box or can and perform the retelling with a partner.
- Assign geometric figures to various elements:
TRIANGLE: to setting and characters
RECTANGLE: to conflict and attempts to solve them
CIRCLE: to conclusion & message.
- Select illustrations and glue them to the geometric shapes.
- Tie the string to a coat hanger to make a retelling mobile.
- Students retell to their partner / to the whole class.