GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS are pictorial ways of constructing knowledge and organizing information.
Convert and compress complex information into a structured, meaningful, simple-to-read, graphic display.
Focus purpose and guide the gathering.
Make interpretation and understanding much easier.
Show what is gained and what is still missing.
Act like mind maps.
Help students to visualize: Knowledge - Concepts - Ideas - How they relate to each other.
Students transfer abstract concepts into visual representations.
Graphic organizers are flexible and endless in application.
They show a student's thought process - strengths and weaknesses of understanding become clearly evident.
They show different aspects of a problem.
They use short words or phrases: ideal for many types of learners, including English Language Learners with intermediate proficiency.
We use Graphic Organizers for:
- an argument.
- to examine critically and carefully so as to identify causes, possible results.
- an idea by spontaneous participation in discussion
- stimulating creative thinking.
Comparing & Contrasting
- to examine two or more objects, ideas, people, in order to note similarities and differences.
- to determine the value or significance.
- to evaluate the results of an experiment.
- a proposition assumed as a premise in an argument.
- a mere assumption or guess.
-to act one upon another.
-the following of one thing after another, succession.
- a continuous series.
- to form mental images or pictures.
SOME COMMON GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS
- When the topic involves investigating attributes associated with a single topic.
- Example: Finding methods that help your study skills (like taking notes, doing homework, memorizing)
- When the topic involves investigating attributes associated with a single topic, and then obtaining
more details on each of these ideas (like the star graphic organizer with one more level of detail)
- When the topic involves investigating multiple cause-and-effect factors associated with a complex topic and how they inter-relate.
- Example: Examining the effects of improved farming methods.
CLOUD / CLUSTER
- When the topic involves generating a web of ideas based on a stimulus topic.
- Example: brainstorming.
- When the topic involves a chain of events with a beginning and with multiple outcomes at each node (like a family tree)
- Example: Displaying the probabilistic results of tossing coins.